Despite the divestment of loss-making sugar assets, which wrapped up last year, Jamaica will still be investing big in sugar this year, but more than half the funds are headed into housing for former workers being relocated from privatised estates. Under the heading of “agro industries,” the Ministry of Agriculture has tapped JA$1.896 billion to be spent on sugar, all but JA$96 million of which will be distributed through the Sugar Transformation Unit.

The line item is not new—last year, the Government spent JA$1.761 billion under agro industries—but this year, it is booked as an obligation that Jamaica will have to fund alone, whereas before it was fully backed by external grants provided by the European Union (EU).

Consequently, agro industries has been reclassified in the budget from an externally supported Capital B programme to GOJ-funded Capital A expenditure, with sugar accounting for 76 per cent of the total J$2.46-billion allocation. Still, permanent secretary in the agriculture ministry, Donovan Stanberry, said the J$1.896 billion will be spent from funds provided as “budgetary support” by the EU. Jamaica is eligible for grants totalling JA$9.4 billion under the transition to a new trade arrangement, the Economic Partnership Agreement, and has been accessing funding since 2006, he said.

Last year, Jamaica and the EU spent a combined JA$4.4 billion on the sugar sector—including JA$2.65 billion to the indebted Sugar Company of Jamaica, footed by taxpayers. This year’s sugar budget will be spent on road repairs in sugar-dependent communities at a cost of JA$96 million, relocation of residents from sugar barracks to new housing, implementation of recommendations in the Wint Commission of Enquiry report on privatised sugar, as well as support for indebted cane farmers.

The Wint Commission had recommended an audit in the operations of the Sugar Industry Authority and the Sugar Industry Research Institute to look at their operations and governance structures. The audit has since been commissioned at a cost of JA$8 million. The review, which is expected to include consultations with different sugar interest groups, will be done by PricewaterhouseCoopers.

Prime Minister Portia Simpson Miller said on Tuesday, that more than JA$1 billion will be spent on the relocation of occupants of eight sugar barracks in St Thomas, Westmoreland, Clarendon and Trelawny. The level of support to cane farmers was unspecified in the budget, but a portion of the JA$1.896 billion will be used to boost an existing revolving loan fund, which farmers can access to help with replanting of sugarcane and purchasing equipment.

The fund currently has a balance of J$1.1 billion set aside from previous disbursements of the grant, said the permanent secretary. Allan Rickards, president of the All-Island Cane Farmers’ Association, said that the cane-expansion programme is to facilitate replanting of ratoons.

“Under normal circumstances, we are supposed to replant about 16 per cent of the crop every year, but that is not being done. We need to replant because the production and the productivity tapers off after a while or you may wish to change the variety,” said Rickards.

Funds borrowed from the revolving pool for replanting or to buy second-hand equipment are disbursed at five per cent and repaid in five years. Loans for new equipment are also available at five per cent, but repayment is over ten years. There is no limit on the amount a farmer can borrow.

source: guargian


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